Journalists in bed with Exxon: a marriage in need of a divorce
- Published: 02 August 2010
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Australian union the Media Arts Entertainment Alliance (MEAA) has eschewed responsibility for ethical considerations when choosing oil giant Exxon Mobil as the gold sponsor for its media conference next week, writes Wendy Bacon.
3 August 2010
The theme of this year’s Walkley Media Conference is ‘What’s the story?’ It’s about how we develop a powerful narrative and “make our stories sing and sell”, a very contemporary theme at a time when social media allows us to become our own marketing machines. But it’s also possible to lose the plot?—?which is what happened when the MEAA decided to invite Exxon Mobil to be the Golden sponsor of the Walkley Media Conference.
As Exxon Mobil public affairs told ABC PM’s Jess Hill, on Wednesday: “We’re always very interested in hearing about how a powerful narrative can help.” Public relations help is certainly what Exxon Mobil needs. It’s not easy to spin a story about being environmentally responsible when you are the world’s biggest oil corporation trying to live down the nightmare of the Exxon Valdez Alaskan oil spill at a time when oil spills suddenly shoot to the top of the news agenda.
As well, you have organisations like Sourcewatch and Greenpeace tracking your notorious history of funding climate scepticism as you try to negotiate your way through the shifting sands of climate-change politics. Last year the ABC reported that Exxon Mobil had reneged on its promise to stop funding groups such as the Heritage and Atlas Economic Foundations, quoting London School of Economics policy director Bob Ward as saying: “They are trying to mislead people and frankly we have seen these sorts of tactics before, for instance in the case of the tobacco industry, who for many, many years, funded campaigns and misinformation about the adverse effects of their products.”
Exxon Mobil’s response was that it is now funding different views within the debate. Three weeks ago, News Ltd outlets The Times and The Australian prominently featured Exxon Mobil’s continuing record of funding groups which not only deny that climate change is occurring but also allege climate scientists are wilful conspirators.
All this explains why it was such a shock for many when they learned this week that Exxon Mobil was funding the Walkley conference. The first duty of journalists is to understand that even a good story should not stand in the way of seeking the truth.
The difficult task of environmental journalists is to sort out the greenwashing from what is actually happening. The professional development arm of the union, The Walkley Foundation is supposed to be about promoting excellence in journalism and an ethical bulwark in times when many working journalists find themselves under pressure to bend their ethics to meet commercial and ratings pressures.
Sponsorship is about forming a public association that can enhance the credibility of the sponsor and provide economic benefit to the organisation being sponsored. This is why it was beside the point for federal secretary of the MEAA Chris Warren to tell the ABC PM program that journalists would not be compromised by joining Exxon Mobil for a cup of tea at the conference. It’s sadly ironic that as someone who has championed the public right to know, Warren, when asked to reveal the precise details of the relationship with Exxon Mobil, declined because it is “commercially in confidence”.
An underling issue that may have led to this potential PR fiasco for the union may be the merging of public relations and journalism professionals into one union. However, in this case, the MEAA move is just as offensive and a conflict of interest for its members working in professional communications roles in research, government, universities, politics, big NGOs, environmental organisations and many other companies.
No one is denying the need for some sponsorship. Various universities and media outlets, including Crikey, had agreed to sponsor the conference. It is likely that many of them were not aware of the Exxon Mobil gold sponsorship. Qantas is also providing in-kind travel support.
Meanwhile, there is a big story happening in PNG at Lake Kutubu. It’s a hard one for Australian journalists to cover because it’s expensive to get there. Last year, Oilsearch, Exxon Mobil’s partner in the huge LNG pipeline carving its way through the once pristine World Heritage area, flew The Age’s Jo Chandler up there where she reported on the complexities of development.
Unfortunately, she missed the “ecological disaster” caused by oil drilling in the area that two weeks later SMH environmental reporter Ben Cubby discovered from his desk in Sydney. Since then the only major follow-ups have been by UTS student reporter Calliste Weitenberg in non-mainstream publications Reportage-enviro and NZ publication Pacific Scoop.
Maybe some Walkley media sponsors could band together to send a team of reporters to Lake Kutubu to give the people there the chance to be part of a “powerful narrative”.
Wendy Bacon is the director of the Australian Centre for Independent Journalism, which is the publisher of Reportage-enviro. UTS journalism was approached for sponsorship but could not justify the expense of a cash contribution (there is an agreement, however, for UTS students to contribute by videoing the conference and helping out with administrative tasks)
A slightly edited version of this article was published by Crikey on July 30, 2010. UTS journalism has now withdrawn from its arrangement to video the conference on the grounds that it cannot provide an in-kind subsidy to a conference funded by Exxon-Mobil.
RESPONSE: Since this story was published, MEAA Federal Secretary Christopher Warren has provided the following response. Wendy Bacon’s further response is provided below Warren's.
Your comments about the support the Walkley Foundation is receiving from ExxonMobil for our Media Conference in Sydney next month deserve an appropriate response.
The Walkley Foundation is a politically neutral organisation pledged to further excellence in Australian journalism and we do not make political judgements about organisations as it would not be appropriate for us to do so.
We rely on the support of our partners to do this vital work in support of transparency and press freedom and insist that, in all their engagement with us, they accept our fundamental beliefs. Journalists are not strangers to commercial arrangements. They’ve been fundamental to journalism for centuries. Our principles mean that all are arms length and are not permitted to in any way to influence the content of what we do or say.
I have absolute confidence in the ability and integrity of journalists to both understand these principles and to work to the highest ethical principles.
As you would know, Exxon is among our corporate supporters, the most prominent of which is the Copyright Agency Limited, which helps journalists secure royalty payment for use of their work.
Our other sponsors include Qantas, the ABC, Al-Jazeera, APN, Fairfax Media, News Ltd, APN News and Media, SBS and Leader Community Newspapers.
Our academic partners include The University of Sydney and the University of Queensland. Your own university, UTS, is also lending its support by pledging five students to report on proceedings with the help of video cameras provided by us by Flip.
You should note that among the organisations that ExxonMobil supports in this country are Opera Australia, the charity United Way, the Australian Drug Foundation, Royal Children’s Hospital Safety Centre in Melbourne and the National Youth Science Forum.
Globally the list of organisations is too exhaustive to go into, but includes Stanford University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale University all of which are investigating alternative fuel technologies.
The various co-signatories to your open letter who work at Monash University would know that the university also receives support from ExxonMobil.
It is inevitable in all of this that the company will have funded organisations that you or I may not agree with. However, this is true of almost every corporation in Australia, particularly global corporations.
You refer to the Media Alliance Code of Ethics in your letter. The Code requires that journalists: “Do not allow personal interest or any belief, commitment, gift or benefit to undermine your accuracy, fairness or independence.” Further Clause 5 requires that journalists disclose any possible conflicts of interest. Clause 6 exhorts journalists not to allow advertising or any commercial considerations to undermine accuracy, fairness or independence.
In all its dealing with hundreds of sponsors over the years, the Walkley Foundation has consistently upheld this principle and will continue to do so.
With best wishes
Federal Secretary, Media, Entertainment & Arts Alliance
Response by Wendy Bacon to Chris Warren, Federal Secretary of the Media Entertainment and Arts Alliance (MEAA):
In several respects, Warren’s response sidesteps the issues I raised.
I stated clearly that those opposing this Exxon Mobil /Walkley agreement are not doing so because sponsorship itself is an issue. I mentioned a number of the other sponsors, none of whom are inappropriate. I also acknowledged that UTS students were going to video the event. We have now withdrawn from that agreement.
I am not sure what Warren means by stating that the Walkley Foundation is politically neutral. I assume he is not using this phrase in a narrow politically party sense. In a broad sense, journalism does take a broad political position in relation to its role in a democracy and in holding power accountable.
The Walkley Foundation is the professional development arm of the MEAA which often criticises government over lack of strong shield laws, weak freedom of information laws and so on. It adopts these positions as a consequence of its underlying political stance in relation to core principles of the public right to know and the independence of journalism. In a world in which mega corporations such as Exxon Mobil wield as much influence as many governments, surely the MEAA can take a stance in relation to companies.
Warren makes the obvious point that many journalism is often practised in the context of commercial relationships. It does not follow however that as Warren suggests, one cannot distinguish between commercial relationships or that all sponsorships are therefore equal. By taking this approach, he conveniently rules out any discussion about ethical boundaries.
No one has suggested that individual journalists will be compromised by this sponsorship. The issue is what Exxon Mobil is potentially gaining from the relationship. This move is part of a multifaceted PR strategy which will allow Exxon Mobil to publicly associate its name with some leading names and institutions in Australian and international media.
Warren does not address our central concern which is that Exxon Mobile has not only lent its support to organisations which have supported the view that climate change is a willful conspiracy by scientists but it has misled the public about this funding. Shareholder, media and environmental pressure led it to promise that it would cease its support for organisations promoting climate skepticism but in fact, it continued the funding during 2009.
This has been widely reported by The Times ,The Australian and many other outlets. I am not arguing that climate skeptic organisations should not be allowed to express their views. The issue is whether our union should link itself with an organisation which funds them to do it.
Despite a drop in its 2009 profits to $19 billion, Exxon Mobil has huge resources to support a wide range of organisations. It spent $27 million alone last year on lobbying the US Congress about energy policy. It will continue to do so. This is irrelevant to the consideration of whether Exxon Mobil is an appropriate sponsor for a media conference.
Warren asserts that that the code does not allow journalists to be affected by commercial considerations in their work. While this does not seem to be relevant to the sponsorship deal, it does open up another issue. Journalists do strive to remain independent of commercial considerations but as we demonstrated in our Crikeys’s Spinning the Media series often do not succeed.
During our research for that series, we were contacted by a number of young journalists who felt afraid to speak publicly about the pressures on them. The MEAA needs to go further than a mere restatement of the ethical position and address this issue in practical ways.
Leading journalists and others speaking at the conference may not experience these pressures. Young journalists, however, might appreciate sessions on how to deal with spin,including government PR which makes it increasingly difficult to get the story.
Those signing the letter urge the MEAA to withdraw from this deal before next week.